1-What is a “healthy diet”?

A “healthy diet” is one that provides enough of each essential nutrient, contains a variety of foods from all of the basic food groups, provides adequate energy to maintain a healthy weight, and does not contain excess fat, sugar, salt or alcohol.

2-What is the “My Pyramid” food guide?

My Pyramid, the new food guidance system, offers consumers a more personalized approach to healthy eating and physical activity. It emphasized the role of eating from the 5 food groups (grains, fruits, vegetables, milk, meat and beans) and the importance of physical activity.

3-How can I get enough nutrients without consuming too many calories?

Choose a variety of foods from within each of the basic food groups to help achieve recommended nutrient intake. Avoid excess calories by limiting consumption of foods high in added sugars and solid fats, and alcoholic beverages(these provide calories but are poor sources of essential nutrients). And because calorie intake must be balanced with physical activity to control weight, stay active.

4-When I eat more than I need what happens to the extra calories?

Consuming extra calories results in an accumulation of body fat and weight gain. This is true whether the excess calories come from protein, fat, carbohydrate, or alcohol.

5-How many calories do I need to burn to lose ½ kilogram of weight?

You need to burn off 3,500 calories more than you take to lose 1/2 kilogram per week. This translates into 500 calories per day to lose ½ kilogram in a week. This can be achieved by eating fewer calories or using up more through physical activity. A combination of both is best

6-Why nutritional care is important to persons with asthma?

Asthma is triggered by tobacco, dust, mold, pets, foods etc… In fact, food allergies and some food additives (Preservatives) can increase asthma. To add more, persons with asthma need to control their heartburn to be able to control their asthma. Physical activity in some asthmatic cases can lead or aggravate asthma, that is why it is recommended to talk to your doctor and take your medication regularly. Asthma is controllable if triggers are avoided.

7-Do asthma drugs cause weight gain?

Steroid drugs used in some cases of asthma can cause weight gain if the person did not pay attention to his food intake. Asthmatic persons need to eat a well balanced diet low in saturated fats, salt, simple sugars and high in calcium, omega 3, fruits and vegetables.

8-What is food allergy? What are the most common foods that people are allergic to?

Food allergies can cause very serious reactions to something that does not bother most other people.
The most common foods to cause allergies in adults as shrimp, shellfish (lobster, crab), tree nuts (peanuts, walnuts), fish and eggs. For children, food allergies are eggs, milk, peanuts, soy and wheat. Children typically outgrow their allergies to milk, egg, soy and wheat, while not usually outgrowing allergies to peanuts, tree nuts, fish and shrimp. Adults usually do not lose their allergies

9- What are different types of fiber in foods and that they have different effects on the body. How much fiber should I eat?

The fiber in foods is generally broken down into 2 broad types – soluble (also called “viscous”) and insoluble. Both types have important health effects. The recommended intake for total fiber for kids varies with age and for adults up to 50 years of age is set at 25 grams per day for women and 38 grams for men.

10-What are the benefits of exercise? If I’m on a diet to lose weight. Won’t doing exercise just make me hungrier?

The benefits of exercise are many, from producing physically fit bodies to providing an outlet for fun and socialization. When added to a weight control program these benefits take on increased significance especially in burning excess body fat.

Moderate exercise usually does not increase appetite and may actually help to control it. And people who exercise regularly are more likely to keep the weight from coming